Plants for hedges: criteria for choosing suitable options for planting

The desire to make your own plot cozy, in which each element of landscape design harmoniously complements the other, is natural for every gardener. A hedge is not only an excellent background for flower beds and garden decoration, but also an excellent protection of the site from prying eyes. Building such a natural defense is an art that requires patience and painstaking work, and an incredibly fun process. By correctly choosing and placing shrubs for hedges on the site, you can transform the entire territory, subtly dividing it into zones.

Factors determining the choice of plants for a hedge

The choice of a hedge plant depends primarily on the desired appearance of the natural fence. If we take the species ratio of the crops used for decoration as a basis, then the hedges can consist of coniferous and deciduous plantings, and if we take their shape, then the fences can be free-growing or formed sheared.

Depending on the height of the thickets, vegetable fences can be in the form of low curbs, medium-sized or high fences.

Border plantings with a height of 30-70 cm allow accentuating and highlighting landscape elements. Quite often, curbs are used for zoning the territory.

1-1.5 meter plant compositions are used to divide the site into parts and mark its boundaries. High trellises allow you to protect the area from dust, wind and noise, as well as protect from prying eyes of passers-by

Hedges can be planted in both single-row and double-row methods. Single-row plantings are used to decorate the site; they do not protect the area from dust and noise. Two-row compositions are arranged in places where more significant protection is required.

The selection of plants also depends on the varieties of existing plantings in the garden. Combining several types of plants into a single living composition, one should take into account the coincidence of the external design and life cycle of each of the elements: the shape and color of the foliage, the periods of flowering.

Deciduous hedge

Deciduous plants are most often used for arranging living fences, since they are able to transmit more scattered light and more easily tolerate adverse climatic conditions. These plants can easily tolerate seasonal pruning and are ideal for creating molded borders.

Arranging curbs and creating fences up to 1 m high, you can use low-growing shrubs: boxwood, Japanese euonymus, alpine currant

When planning to create free-growing hedges, the choice can be stopped on heather, spirea, chaenomeles, holly magnolia, cinquefoil

For living fences with a height of 2-3 meters among deciduous species, they have proven themselves well: common privet, hawthorn, evergreen buckthorn. Among flowering plants, preference can be given: forsythia, jasmine, lilac species, Syrian rose, tree hydrangea. If you want to create a composition from berry plants, you can stop the choice on viburnum, Japanese quince, dogwood, edible honeysuckle.

When arranging thorny hedges, you can use: rose hips, climbing rose, daurian wild rose, purple-leaved hawthorn, Amur barberry.

Climbing hedge plants allow you to give the enclosing structure an elegant original look.

Since climbing plants have a weak trunk, it is necessary to make a frame to equip such an openwork fence

When decorating a site, you can use honeysuckle, girlish grapes, grape-leaved clematis, petiolate hydrangea, prickly chingil, ordinary hops.

Plant compositions created from flowering trees planted in rows with a bright bark color look spectacular. The most interesting colors are felt cherry, chubushnik, currant, barberry

High living walls up to 5 meters or more can be equipped using fast-growing plants to decorate your hedge: holly, black and white mulberries, hazel, hornbeam. For tall plant compositions, decorative forms of plums and apple trees, as well as beech, maple and linden, are also suitable.

Decorating the base of the hedge with flowering shrubs and a mixborder of low-growing plants will make the composition more expressive

Living fencing made of conifers

Evergreen shrubs give the garden an austere and discreet look. In comparison with deciduous representatives of the plant world, conifers are more demanding in care.

Among the undersized candidates for arranging the curb are juniper, pieris with shiny lanceolate foliage, Canadian spruce

For medium and high living fences, pea cypress, tall thuja, common spruce, Canadian yew are suitable. Most ephedra will easily withstand pruning. This feature allows you to form strict, even coniferous fences.

Sheared or free-growing hedges?

Free-growing plants are obviously the least demanding to care for. To create free-growing coniferous fences, plants with different texture of needles and crown shape are selected. Combined landings look interesting. The combination of deciduous rowan and birch trees with beauties of coniferous spruces and pines is very successful.

Free-growing compositions that look like natural plantings. They take up a lot of space on the site.

Sheared plant compositions have a more aesthetic appearance

The compact form of the fence visually takes up less space. But, in order to contain this form, it is required to make certain efforts on pruning and maintenance every year. Among the decorative forms of plants, pruning of red and white grass, Japanese meadowsweet, small-leaved elm, multiflorous cotoneaster, Japanese quince, yellow acacia are easily tolerated.

By choosing the best plants for your hedge, you can create a composition that not only veils unsightly areas, but brings unattractive enclosures to life. In addition, it will act as a filter, giving additional air purification.

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Fastest growing trees

Growing fastest eucalyptus: in the first 3 years it can grow up to 10 m, and by the tenth year of life it is able to "reach" up to 25 meters. Unfortunately, in most regions of Russia eucalyptus not cultivated as it is a tropical and subtropical tree. For Russian latitudes, other tree species are suitable, which, although they are inferior in growth eucalyptus, but also fast growing.

Annual growth birch at the peak of its development it can reach 2 m, and it is considered the fastest growing tree in the temperate latitudes of Russia. Birch quickly forms a crown, increases the diameter of the trunk, and in 4 years grows into a fairly large tree. The most common types of birches in the Russian open spaces drooping and curly.

The second most intensive growth rate is white willow... You can root a small twig, and with sufficient soil moisture, it will turn into a spreading tree in 5 years.

Growing very fast poplar, especially its pyramidal forms, forming narrow, upward-directed crowns. But there is little benefit from one plant on the site, and in order to protect the site from the wind or create a thick shadow, you need to plant at least 3-4 poplars.

White acacia (false acacia) - a tall tree with a spreading crown, blooming with fragrant white inflorescences from May to June. The plant belongs to the genus locust, and has nothing to do with the genus acacia, residents of the southern regions, which do not differ in rapid growth rates.

From deciduous, various species can also be distinguished. maples, elms and ash trees, as well as bird cherry and aspen... In general, all tall deciduous trees grow fast enough to reach an "adult" habit.

Interesting. All trees do not grow in the same way throughout their life. At first, they intensively add in volume and height, and from about 10 years of age, the rate gradually decreases. For each plant, a decline in development occurs at a different stage of growth, but it occurs in deciduous and coniferous species in almost the same way.

DIY green hedge device

Plant selection rules

Regardless of the type of hedge, plants should be chosen according to standard rules so that they are suitable for the climate and not cause a hassle:

  • in order for plants to exist without problems near the site, you should choose those deciduous and coniferous species that belong to the climatic zone of our region
  • if the fence is located on the north side and is constantly away from the rays of the sun, then the plants choose those species that are unpretentious and do not need constant lighting
  • for busy people who do not have the opportunity to constantly engage in cutting and caring for the shape of the fence, you need to choose plants for an unformed hedge made of apple, viburnum, honeysuckle, lilac, etc.
  • if there is a desire to purify the air in the yard and nourish it with useful phytoncides, then conifers are used
  • alternation of coniferous and deciduous species is allowed, but in winter such a fence will look uneven due to bare branches
  • the best time to set up a live fence is the middle of the spring season
  • to increase the benefits, fruiting bushes of currants, gooseberries, rose hips, barberry, dogwood, sea buckthorn, etc. are planted as a shrub.
  • dense and lightweight hedge structure is obtained when perennial climbing plants are planted on the frame
  • it is advisable to use shrubs, trees and plants with small leaves to form a living fence, which, when pruned, form a uniform top layer.

Live fence marking rules

Marking is done using pegs about 50 cm long, which are installed in key places of the future hedge, turns, intersections with other linear structures and buildings. After digging in, twine or twine is tied to them to determine the direction and alignment of the planting line. A trench is dug along the stretched rope, the depth depends on the type of plant being planted. The width of the ditch is about 70 cm.

As the plant will constantly live and develop in the same place, then the soil is thoroughly prepared for planting. The bottom of the trench is loosened with a pitchfork, the necessary organic and mineral fertilizers are applied. The soil that was selected during digging is mixed with a small amount of fertilizer. After preparing the plant for planting, cutting off damaged and broken parts of the root system, it is placed in a hole and covered with a prepared fertilized mixture.

Frame device

As a support for the hedge, they prepare a frame with their own hands, which can be an ordinary picket fence or a grid on poles. If there are none throughout the future hedge, then it must be installed. To begin with, dig a trench for planting plants.

At the beginning and end of the pit section install pillars of the desired height depending on the size of the live fence. Metal, wood or concrete products are used as risers, which are dug into the ground to a depth of 60 cm for a stable position. A nylon lace or stainless wire is pulled between the supports in the longitudinal direction at equal intervals in height. The last row depends on the height of the hedge.

Further planting is in progress, for this they make soil fertilization. It is advisable to bring a lot of fertile black earth soil if the soil on the site leaves much to be desired. It is better to dig in seedlings in late March or early April. Sometimes it will be effective to do this in the autumn, a month before the expected frost.

Shrubs and hedge plants: climbing, deciduous and coniferous

Construction and landscape company "Azalia" provides a range of services for landscape design, gardening, growing and selling ornamental plants and flowers.

We have been working on the market since 2006, we have extensive experience, the necessary skills and knowledge. We have implemented hundreds of projects of varying complexity in Irkutsk and other cities.

We create a single harmonious ensemble and carry out all the main and related activities to guarantee a comprehensive result. Our specialists are ready to take on a project at any stage, from scratch, after building a house, etc.

Landscaping and landscaping are carried out by our specialists, taking into account the requirements of standards, climate, soil composition and the wishes of customers. We follow all the rules of work and are ready to implement your wildest ideas.

Unity of style

A country house and a plot with it must correspond to each other. You cannot lay out a French garden with a panel house, etc.

The design should not be boring, but you should not overload a small space with complex shapes. Nothing superfluous, in everything there is harmony and tranquility - this is how a well-groomed site should look like.

The presence of a dominant

On the territory, the main object can be selected, to which everything will be subordinated. The composition can be one or several. For example, a bright bush, statue, fountain, etc.

When designing landscape design, it is necessary to take into account many nuances, observe the rules of geometric shapes and other components. The selection of plants and flowers is also important. Our company pays great attention to this stage.

We independently grow flower seedlings for planting in flower beds and for cutting. High-quality tested seeds from leading manufacturers are selected for the products. Our specialists create favorable conditions for the growth of flowers, select only healthy seedlings, combine colors and shapes, as well as species.

We provide reasonable prices for the entire range of our plants. We always sell annual and perennial flowers for flower beds and lawns: gypsophila, lupines, lobelia, delphiniums, begonias, petunias, gazani, phlox, marigolds, etc. Our pride is a wide selection of tulip varieties, which we supply wholesale and retail.

Ornamental shrubs also play an important role in design. For the formation of the garden, we offer a large selection of fruit trees, to decorate the territory, beautifully flowering shrubs, as well as hedges (juniper, fir, etc.).

Climbing hedge

Just imagine: your garden is surrounded by magnificent emerald carpets of plants creeping over a fence with beautiful leaves and incredible blooms. Climbing plants have long held a special place in the hearts of gardeners and there are many reasons for this. Firstly, they grow faster than other plants, abundantly and for a long time delight the eye with luxurious flowers, and also do not require much effort and attention to care. A hedge of climbing plants looks natural and original at the same time. To create emerald walls, you can choose both annual and perennial vines. But the latter are most popular among gardeners, since they do not require an annual planting. Perennial hedges will delight you with their decorative effect for many years.

The most popular climbing plant is the climbing rose.There are many varieties on the market that differ, first of all, in the color and shape of the buds: white double, pink, yellow, red and many others - every gardener will find something to his liking.

There is no gardener who would remain indifferent to clematis. It is a climbing plant with amazing flowering. Flowers of an unusual shape, very bright and showy. The most popular clematis with purple flowers, but there are varieties on the market and red, white, orange.

Maiden grapes are ideal for use in hedges. It does not require special attention to itself, growing well in any conditions. Possesses decorative green foliage, which turns purple by autumn. After summer, dark blue fruits ripen on maiden grapes, but unlike ordinary grapes, they are not used for food.

Brown's honeysuckle "Dropmore Scarlet" is another bright representative of lianas, which is able to create decorative, very beautiful hedges in your garden. From June to September, it decorates the landscape with orange flowers of an unusual shape, and from September, red-orange berries appear against the background of green juicy foliage. The plant is unpretentious in care and has an enviable winter hardiness.

Hedges in the Moscow region are becoming more popular every year and this is not surprising: a variety of species and different varieties of plants, different shades of foliage, flowering and fragrant can make up magnificent living fences, not only decorative, but also multifunctional. Which hedge best fits into the landscape design of your country house is up to you, because it depends on your preferences, the size of the site, and also the possibilities. We hope that our article helped you understand a little about the variety of hedge plants.

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